glLinkProgram — Links a program object
glLinkProgram links the program
object specified by
program. If any
shader objects of type
program, they will be used to
create an executable that will run on the programmable vertex
processor. If any shader objects of type
are attached to
program, they will be used to create
an executable that will run on the programmable geometry processor.
If any shader objects of type
GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER are attached to
program, they will be used to create an
executable that will run on the programmable fragment
The status of the link operation will be stored as part of
the program object's state. This value will be set to
GL_TRUE if the program object was linked
without errors and is ready for use, and
GL_FALSE otherwise. It can be queried by
As a result of a successful link operation, all active
user-defined uniform variables belonging to
program will be initialized to 0, and
each of the program object's active uniform variables will be
assigned a location that can be queried by calling
Also, any active user-defined attribute variables that have not
been bound to a generic vertex attribute index will be bound to
one at this time.
Linking of a program object can fail for a number of reasons as specified in the OpenGL Shading Language Specification. The following lists some of the conditions that will cause a link error.
The number of active attribute variables supported by the implementation has been exceeded.
The storage limit for uniform variables has been exceeded.
The number of active uniform variables supported by the implementation has been exceeded.
main function is missing
for the vertex, geometry or fragment shader.
A varying variable actually used in the fragment shader is not declared in the same way (or is not declared at all) in the vertex shader, or geometry shader shader if present.
A reference to a function or variable name is unresolved.
A shared global is declared with two different types or two different initial values.
One or more of the attached shader objects has not been successfully compiled.
Binding a generic attribute matrix caused some
rows of the matrix to fall outside the allowed maximum
Not enough contiguous vertex attribute slots could be found to bind attribute matrices.
The program object contains objects to form a fragment shader but does not contain objects to form a vertex shader.
The program object contains objects to form a geometry shader but does not contain objects to form a vertex shader.
The program object contains objects to form a geometry shader and the input primitive type, output primitive type, or maximum output vertex count is not specified in any compiled geometry shader object.
The program object contains objects to form a geometry shader and the input primitive type, output primitive type, or maximum output vertex count is specified differently in multiple geometry shader objects.
The number of active outputs in the fragment shader is greater
than the value of
The program has an active output assigned to a location greater
than or equal to the value of
and has an active output assigned an index greater than or equal to one.
More than one varying out variable is bound to the same number and index.
The explicit binding assigments do not leave enough space for the linker to automatically assign a location for a varying out array, which requires multiple contiguous locations.
count specified by glTransformFeedbackVaryings
is non-zero, but the program object has no vertex or geometry shader.
Any variable name specified to glTransformFeedbackVaryings
varyings array is not declared as an output in the vertex shader (or the geometry shader, if active).
Any two entries in the
varyings array given
specify the same varying variable.
The total number of components to capture in any transform feedback varying variable
is greater than the constant
and the buffer mode is
When a program object has been successfully linked, the program object can be made part of current state by calling glUseProgram. Whether or not the link operation was successful, the program object's information log will be overwritten. The information log can be retrieved by calling glGetProgramInfoLog.
glLinkProgram will also install the
generated executables as part of the current rendering state if
the link operation was successful and the specified program
object is already currently in use as a result of a previous
If the program object currently in use is relinked
unsuccessfully, its link status will be set to
GL_FALSE , but the executables and
associated state will remain part of the current state until a
subsequent call to
glUseProgram removes it
from use. After it is removed from use, it cannot be made part
of current state until it has been successfully relinked.
program contains shader objects
GL_VERTEX_SHADER, and optionally of type
but does not contain shader objects of type
GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER, the vertex shader executable will
be installed on the programmable vertex processor, the geometry shader executable, if present,
will be installed on the programmable geometry processor, but no executable will
be installed on the fragment processor. The results of
rasterizing primitives with such a program will be undefined.
The program object's information log is updated and the program is generated at the time of the link operation. After the link operation, applications are free to modify attached shader objects, compile attached shader objects, detach shader objects, delete shader objects, and attach additional shader objects. None of these operations affects the information log or the program that is part of the program object.
If the link operation is unsuccessful, any information about a previous link operation on
is lost (i.e., a failed link does not restore the old state of
). Certain information can still be retrieved from
even after an unsuccessful link operation. See for instance glGetActiveAttrib
is generated if
is not a value generated by OpenGL.
is generated if
is not a program object.
is generated if
program is the currently active program
object and transform feedback mode is active.
with the argument
and the index of an active attribute variable
and the index of an active uniform variable
and an attribute variable name
and a uniform variable location
and a uniform variable name
Copyright © 2003-2005 3Dlabs Inc. Ltd. Copyright © 2010 Khronos Group. This material may be distributed subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Open Publication License, v 1.0, 8 June 1999. http://opencontent.org/openpub/.